In Ancient India language Sanskrit “Chandrayaan” means “Moon Craft” or Moon Vehicle. Chandrayaan-2 is India’s Second mission to the Moon launched by India’s national space agency the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in Jan month of 2019.
In Chandrayaan-2, the lunar craft launched using Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III) weighing 3890 kg at launch and 27 kg at rover. The mission includes a lunar orbiter as well as a Lander/Rover.
ISRO plans to land a motorised rover on the Moon likely in 2019, as a part of its second Chandrayaan mission. The wheeled rover will move on the lunar surface, to pick up soil or rock samples for onsite chemical analysis. The data will be sent to Earth through Chandrayaan II, which will be in lunar orbit.
Specification of Chandrayaan-2
* Chandrayaan II will consist of the spacecraft itself and a landing platform with the Moon rover.
* The rover will weight 58 kg, with six wheels and running on solar power.
* It is of Russian design and will land near one of the poles and will survive for a year, roving up to 150 km at a speed of 360 m/h.
* The platform with the rover will detach from the orbiter after the spacecraft reaches its orbit above the Moon, and land on lunar soil. Then the rover will roll out of the platform.
* It will be launched on Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III).
* The craft will most likely be launched on the Jan month of 2019.
* Chandrayaan-2 will be the first-ever mission to land a rover near the south pole of the moon.